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德国法学博士教育及其对我国的启示

 

摘要:从历史上看,法学博士授予权属于大学,是大学的本质特征。在高中阶段完成通识教育之后,法学本科教育在于专业教育,培养法律适用能力,而法学博士教育在于研究能力的培养,但其职业目标并不仅仅是教授,也是为了增加律师等职业竞争力。围绕法学博士教育的目标,德国大学法学院制定博士学位授予条例,在录取、培养以及授予学位上,均以研究能力为考察重点。在录取上,研究报告以及国家考试成绩最为重要,在培养上,研讨课以及研究助理工作是主要方式,在授予学位上,要以博士论文以及口试为条件,其中博士论文应具有创造性与批判性。
关键词:德国 法学博士教育 启示
 
 
 
 
on Chinese Legal Education
Wang Hongliang
 
Abstract: From a historical point of view, the right to grant a doctor of law belongs to a university, which is the essential feature of a university. After finishing general education in senior high school, undergraduate legal education is based on professional education and training of legal application abilities. While the education of doctor of laws lies in the cultivation of research ability. Its professional goal does not only include teaching laws, but also increase the professional competitiveness of legal practitioners. Focusing on the goal of the education of doctor of laws, German university law schools have emphasized on research ability in such aspects of doctorate award regulations as the enrollment, training and conferring degrees. In terms of enrollment, research reports and national examination scores are most important. In education, seminars and research assistants are the main methods. In conferring degrees, doctoral dissertations and oral tests are required, and doctoral dissertations should be creative and critical.
Key Words: Germany, legal education of doctor of laws, reflections

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