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为速成博士辩护——兼论美国法学院博士学位制度的衍生与变化

 

摘要: 如果将近代到西洋留学攻读法律学位看作去西天取经,那么有两条途径:一条途径是绕远路取经,即去英国、欧洲大陆攻读长学制的传统学位;另外一条途径是抄近路取经,即去美国攻读短学制的新学位,主要是一年制博士学位。无论走哪一条路去西天取经,都需要花费成本。趋利避害,以最短的时间、最低的花费而从西洋取得常人眼中最高的学位,显然是人之常情,近代如此,当代亦如此。事实证明,慢不一定达,快不一定不达;速成不等于作假,速成不等于无成。这是后人在评价近代留学生时所应该持有的立场。对速成博士毫无根据地质疑甚至冷嘲热讽,经不起时间的检验。
关键词:速成博士 留学生  留美  近代  法律教育
 
 In Defense of the Fast-track Doctors
——Some Reflections on the Derivatives and Evolutions of Doctoral Degrees in American Law Schools
Wang Wei
 
Abstract: If we regard pursuing a law degree by Chinese students in Western countries during modern times as a pilgrimage to the West, then we can find two ways: one is to make a detour to Britain or Continental Europe for traditional degrees with long-term programs, another is to take a short cut to America for new degrees with short-term programs, especially the one-year doctoral degrees. It is unavoidable to have a cost whichever you take. It is human nature to go after gain and get away from harm, to obtain the so-called highest degree from Western countries with shortest time and lowest cost, which is the case in either modern or contemporary times. It has been proved that, in the long run, the slow is not always successful, while the fast is not always unsuccessful. The fast-track doctors are not equal to faked or fruitless doctors. This should be the basic stand in reviewing modern Chinese students studying abroad. Time has finally proved the untrustworthiness of those abrupt queries on and jeers at the fast-track doctors.
Key words: fast-track doctors, students studying abroad, America, Modern times, legal education.

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